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中國提升智能工廠技術,與德國及日本等國家競爭(只有英文版本)
2017年09月25日
2053

China is turning to foreign robotics and smart factory technologies to enhance competitiveness as it seeks to close the gap in manufacturing prowess with Japan and Germany by 2035 under Premier Li Keqiang’s “Made in China” strategy. Faced with rising labour costs owing to its shrinking labour force, China has already overtaken Japan as the world’s largest industrial robot market. Industrial robot sales in China this year are estimated to reach US$4.2 billion, according to the Chinese Institute of Electronics. But a lack of core technology means the nation has been highly dependent on foreign supply.

 

Imports from well established overseas major producers such as Swedish-Swiss firm ABB, Germany’s Kuka, and Japan’s Fanuc and Yaskawa Electric account for more than 60 per cent of all robots bought by Chinese manufacturers. For specialised six-axis robots, which provide greater flexibility and applications than earlier generations, overseas manufacturers account for 90 per cent of market share in China, according to a Huatai Securities research report.

 

In a move that signals the growing importance of the mainland market, German industrial giant Siemens said last week that its China subsidiary will lead the company’s global effort in research in autonomous robotics. “The decision is based on two factors,” Siemens’ chief technology officer Roland Busch told reporters last week at a marketing event in Suzhou. “First, China is Siemens’ second largest overseas market after the US, and second, China has outstanding talent.” Siemens said its robot research centre will begin operating later this year at Tsinghua University in Beijing. The 170 year-old company, which entered the China market by introducing the electric pointer telegraph in 1872, does not make robots itself, but supplies hardware and software that controls them. The Chinese robot market is forecast to grow at an average annual rate of 23.4 per cent in the four years to 2019, much faster than global shipment growth of 13 per cent, according to the International Federation of Robotics.

 

Above content is from the published article in the "South China Morning Post - Robotics" on 23 September 2017. To read the full article, please visit here.